The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) states that the world’s second-largest adult diabetes population lives in India, with every sixth patient of diabetes belonging to our nation. In fact, the number of diabetics in the country has shot up by 150 percent in the last 30 years. Now, COVID-19 infections have disproportionately affected sufferers of diabetes, drastically increasing their health risks and mortality. The medical body also points out that lifestyle management plays a crucial role in managing and preventing diabetes. Along with a healthy diet regime, you also need a health insurance plan covering diabetes-related expenses. Let's check the diet routine you need to follow.
1. Select Good Carbohydrates
Knowing which meals contain carbohydrates is crucial since all carbohydrates impact blood glucose levels. Choose nutritious carb-rich meals and keep portion sizes in mind. Whole grains, including brown rice, buckwheat, and whole oats, are some of the best sources of carbohydrates. Fruit, veggies, pulses like lentils, beans and chickpeas, and dairy products like milk and unsweetened yogurt are good options.
White bread, rice, and highly-processed cereals are examples of foods poor in fibre that one should avoid. If unsure, you might look for items high in fibre on food labels.
2. Shed the Extra Pounds
It would be best to drop some weight if you have diabetes. Sticking to regular mealtimes and consuming the healthiest foods in moderation is the trick to maintain healthy lifestyle habits. A diabetic diet is a balanced, calorie-and fat-free eating regimen naturally high in nutrients. In essence, a diabetic diet is the healthiest diet for most people. You can proceed with lowering your total portion sizes to achieve it. Keep in mind that losing additional weight can help you control your cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels.
3. Keep Salt away from your Table
Excessive salt can raise blood pressure, increasing heart disease and stroke risk. Moreover, if you have diabetes, you are already more prone to developing all these illnesses. Furthermore, if you have diabetes, you are already predisposed to all these problems. Limit your daily salt consumption to no more than one spoon. As many pre-packaged foods already include salt, remember to read product labels and choose meals with less salt. By cooking from scratch, you can regulate how much salt you ingest. You may also get creative and replace other herbs and spices with salt to give more flavour. We’ve all heard how good it is to eat fruits and veggies.
4. Add Extra Fruit and Vegetables to your Diet
Everyone knows about the benefits of eating fruits and vegetables. Always try to eat more around mealtimes, and if you become hungry before meals, snack on them to obtain the vitamins, minerals, and fibre your body needs daily to support your overall health. You must wonder if you need to avoid fruit since it contains sugar. The answer is no. Whole fruit is beneficial to everyone, even diabetics. Fruits contain sugar, but it is natural sugar. Choose whole fruits over products like fruit drinks that include added sugar. Also, rather than eating a larger meal all at once, it’s ideal to spread it throughout the day.
5. Fats Can Be Good Too! Choose Them
Because fat provides energy, we all require it in our diets. Foods like unsalted nuts, seeds, olive oil, and sunflower oil offer healthier fats. Some saturated fats are likely to raise the cholesterol levels in your blood and increase the chance of developing heart issues. These are primarily present in prepared foods and animal products like butter, biscuits, cakes, pies, and pastries. Try to grill, steam, or bake meals instead of using oil; it’s still a good idea to use less fat overall.
6. Cut Back on Extra Sugar
We know that reducing sugar intake might be challenging initially, so modest, doable changes are a great place to start. To begin, replace sweetened liquids such as soda, energy drinks, and fruit juices with water, plain milk, sugar-free tea and coffee.
7. Choose Smart Snacking
Snacking on unsalted nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables is preferable to crisps, chips, cookies, and chocolates are some healthy lifestyle habits. Continue to limit your portion sizes; this will assist you in maintaining a healthy weight.
8. Take Alcohol Responsibly
Because alcohol is heavy in calories, you should consider cutting it back if you want to lose weight. If you use insulin or other diabetic medications, drinking on an empty stomach is not a good idea, as it increases the chances of hypos.
9. Working out Regularly
Daily exercise is crucial for diabetes patients to be physically active and at a healthy weight. Regular exercise can accomplish the same by making cells more responsive to insulin and boosting productivity. Along with decreasing blood sugar, exercise lowers blood pressure and cholesterol, which reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke.
10. Sleep 6 to 8 Hours Every Day
A person with diabetes should sleep for at least 6 to 7 hours every day (ideally 8 hours) so that their body gets a chance to relax and stabilise blood sugar levels. Remember that lack of sleep frequently causes elevated blood sugar levels, aggravating your condition.
If not controlled, diabetes is likely to become an epidemic in developing countries. It’s crucial for people with diabetes to keep it under control as it can lead to severe other ailments. Patients who suffer from diabetes must monitor their blood sugar levels often. It will be easier to progress toward the objective of controlling diabetes if you keep track of the same. Remember to get diabetic health insurance if you want to take the best care of your health. Without a doubt, having diabetes insurance can help you financially if you experience a medical emergency related to the condition.