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13 Basic Two-wheeler Maintenance Ideas

19 July 2022, 3:23 PM

Most of those fundamental bike maintenance tasks are simple enough that we may perform them without assistance. In addition to the advice listed below for keeping our two-wheelers in excellent repair, get them protected too with a two-wheeler insurance policy. This is because bike insurance coverage will cover you and your two-wheeler in the event of an accident and other unforeseen incidents on the road.

However, to get the maximum performance and mileage out of your bike, particularly if you're going on a trip, you should learn how to service it properly. In this post, we'll go over basic bike maintenance tips that will help you maintain your two-wheeler in good working condition for a long time.

1. Regularly Change Engine Oil and Clean Oil Filter 

Your bike's engine oil should be changed regularly. Here's how to go about it:

  • Remove the drain stopper from the sump and let the old oil pour into the drain tray supplied.
  • Inspect the drain plug's washer.
  • If this plug is in excellent condition, reinstall the drain plug. Then, remove the old oil filter and replace it with a new one.

2. Check the Air Filter

The air filter on two-wheelers is either foam or paper-based. You may tap the component to remove the dust if the component is paper. Foam elements should be rinsed in a solution before being conditioned and reoiled. If the parts are broken or excessively unclean, you should replace them.

3. Maintain Drive Chain Slack 

The drive chain should have some slack, usually about 30mm, but check your bike's guidebook for the exact amount. With usage, the chain will expand, and you will need to remove extra slack using a chain adjuster at the swingarm end. 

To do so, follow the instructions below:

  • Find the amount of slack in the drive chain halfway between the lower run chain and the suspension components.
  • If you need to change the chain tension, loosen the rear axle nut.
  • Alter the pressure of the chain by using the adjusters on the extremity of the swingarms. After ensuring that the markings for wheel alignment are the same on both sides, tighten the rear axle nut.

4. Assess the Condition of Spark Plugs 

As the distance between the electrodes becomes out of alignment, the spark plugs exhibit signs of wear and strain. With the assistance of a feeler gauge, evaluate the distances in the spark plug and then attempt to fix the gap by stretching the electrodes on the side. Because of the combustion process, residues would build on the firing ends.
Don't forget about the crucial spark plug. Make sure your Spark plug is clean, and the gap is appropriately adjusted; if not, replace it since it is the most crucial connection in optimal engine combustion. Wipe the spark plug at least once every 750 kilometers on a two-stroke motorbike and once every 1,500 kilometers on a four-stroke bike.

5. Inspect Pivots, Livers and Oiling Cables 

Because pivots, livers and cables are uncovered, oil them regularly to ensure smooth functioning. To do the same, sprinkle a few drops of aerosol lubricant or light oil on the visible ends of the cable, the brake pedal, the lever pivots of the handlebar, the stand pivots, and the gear change lever pivots.

6. Clutch Adjustment 

A clutch is intended to shift gears at periodic intervals throughout a trip and is often required. Adjust the clutch appropriately to provide smooth gear changes and avoid clutch slip or drag. Get the clutch corrected immediately and have the appropriate amount of free play.

7. Regularly Inspect the Engine 

The engine is the essential part of your motorbike. The engine runs more effectively and saves you money on gas. Clean the carburetor and preserve valve clearances while inspecting the engine. Inspect that the engine idles at the proper place when it's warmed up. Several carburetors include a handle regulating idle speed, usually on the carburetor's side. You can also get Engine Protection cover in bike insurance to help you deal with such situations better. 

8. Check the Brake Pads

The brake pad's friction material wears down over time to the point where it must be replaced. It would help if you use the caliper's mouth to inspect the status of the pad's substance. Most pads feature a wear groove, and some may include a line to signify the wear limits. If you can't see the pad's material, the pads have been eliminated.

9. Check Tyres Regularly 

It is vital to do a thorough inspection of the tires regularly. Make sure that the air pressure within them is at the required levels. When biking, check for tire cuts and scratches that might cause difficulties—checking tire treads once a week is a good idea. Inspect the wheel balance and alignment as well. It's essential to maintain your tires in excellent condition if you want to keep your bike functioning smoothly. You can also get Tyre Protection bike insurance cover for your bike to help you deal with such situations better. 

10. Clean Your Bike's Exterior

It's also crucial to keep the bike's surface clean and dust-free. Protect the ignition switch unit, h.t. coil, and silencer with a plastic cover when washing the exterior to prevent water from reaching the internal components. It would be best if you also practice keeping your bike in the shade since prolonged exposure to the sun might cause it to fade.

11. Have Your Bike Serviced Regularly

It would be best if you get your bike inspected by a qualified technician every few months. A regularly checked bike will last many years and ensure high fuel efficiency and endurance. In addition, it will help address minor issues not spotted earlier.

12. Maintain a Consistent Riding Pace

Have an average riding pace during your travel to get your bike suitable for an extended period. The average suggested driving speed for most motorbikes in India is 40 to 60 kilometres per hour. Maintaining a constant speed reduces fuel usage.

13. Obtain a Comprehensive Bike Insurance Policy

Besides maintaining your bike, you can opt for a comprehensive bike insurance policy through online and offline modes. Insurance policies for bikes help ensure financial security for bike owners in India should they face unforeseen incidents such as accidents, damages due to man-made and natural calamities, vehicle theft, etc.


Following bike maintenance suggestions would keep your two-wheeler in top-notch condition, without a doubt. But you still need protection for the same in the aftermath of unforeseen incidents mentioned above. These incidents can be very hard to deal with financially without insurance cover. The mantra for a smooth experience for two-wheeler owners lies with maintenance and insurance in conjunction.

Read more -


1. What is the average lifespan of a two-wheeler?

According to the Motor Vehicle Act, the Government of India's Transport Department, the life expectancy of a motorbike or any other motor vehicle is 15 years.

2. Is it necessary to clean your bike after each ride?

After every few rides, you should wash your bike. More so when the bike rims get dirty due to mud and other stains. 

3. Is it possible to wash a bike with shampoo?

There's nothing wrong with washing your bike with shampoo. On the other hand, shampoos aren't as effective as the soap oil used in workshops. Even then, it will perform well.

4. Is it possible to clean bike brake pads?

Yes, you certainly can. Cleaning disc brakes with mild soap and water are advised. This is to prevent the pads and rotor from being contaminated. Brake cleaners and similar sprays aren't required. When cleaning brakes, avoid using pressurized sprays since they might cause seal swell.

5. Without removing the tyres, how do you clean the brakes?

It's challenging to clean brake rotors without detaching the vehicle's wheel. Instead, you may use a brake cleaner spray on a region that has been soaked in soapy water, accompanied by a fast scrubbing and cleaning. Also, sweep out the dust from the rotors using appropriate equipment.

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