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Important Two-wheeler Traffic Rules in India for Every Bike Rider to Know

By Juhi Walia
17 October 2022, 11:10 AM

Do you know that it is mandatory for every bike owner to have at least third-party two-wheeler insurance according to the traffic rules in India? Like this, there are many such traffic rules that every bike rider should be aware of. The Government of India passed the Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Bill 2016, which is in effect now. The road safety bill describes traffic violations' penalties and punishments in detail.

So, if you are a bike owner and depend on this convenient vehicle for your daily travels, then you should be well versed with the important traffic rules for two-wheeler riders to avoid any lawful consequence. And the fact is that these rules and laws have been placed keeping your safety and security in mind.

List of Traffic Rules for Bike Riders in India

Road accidents can be fatal, and rash driving of bikes is one of the biggest reasons for such mishaps. Here, we shall highlight the important two-wheeler traffic rules in India that every bike ride should know.

  1. Drunk Driving – According to the safety rules, you should not be riding the bike under the influence of alcohol. This is a severe offence, and if caught and tested with more than 30 mg of alcohol in 100 ml of blood, then you will have to face severe penalties that can range from INR 10,000 or six months imprisonment for the first time and INR 15,000 or two years imprisonment for the second time. Remember, you can be arrested without any arrest warrant as per the Indian traffic Rules if found to ride your bike under the influence of alcohol or narcotics.
  2. Racing – As per the Traffic Rules in India, racing on the road is also illegal. If the traffic police catch you on the road, your fine amount will be INR 500 for the first offence and INR 10,000 for the second violation. You can even face one-month imprisonment for racing on the road.
  3. Driving without a Valid Licence – Having a valid driving licence with you while you are on the road is another important rule to follow for every bike rider according to the traffic rules in India.
    Also, please ensure that the licence you are carrying has not expired and should be applicable to the type of motorcycle you are riding.
  4. Juvenile Driving – Individuals under the age of 16 years are not allowed to drive a gearless motorcycle, while those under 18 years are not allowed to drive a geared motorcycle. These restrictions have been introduced as part of the amendment to the MV Act of 2019.
    This was done to limit the number of accidents involving below-aged individuals. If any juvenile is caught riding the types mentioned above motorbike, a fine of INR 25000 has to be paid to the appropriate authority either by the two-wheeler owner or by the guardian of the juvenile. Such cases can also be handled by sentencing three years of imprisonment.
  5. Over-Crowding – The amendment recently made overloading passengers in a two-wheeler an illegal offence of the MV Act of 2019. According to the road safety rules in India, the bike rider can take only one pillion rider on his bike or scooter.
    If you are found riding with more than one co-passenger, you will be fined INR 2000. The violation of this important traffic rule can also result in the suspension of your driving licence for three months.
  6. No Riding without a Helmet – Helmets are a must for bike riders, and this has been made mandatory by the Indian Traffic Rules for the safety of all. Riding your bike without a helmet is an illegal offence.
    Violation of this traffic rule will be penalized with a fine of INR 1000. Also, your licence can get withheld or cancelled for three months or indefinitely, as decided by proper authority, depending on the case.
  7. No Riding without a Proper Two-wheeler Insurance – In India, to ride your two-wheelers, you must get your two-wheeler insurance policy done covering third-party liability. But, if you have comprehensive bike insurance, nothing is better.
    According to the Motor Vehicles Act of 1988, having bike insurance is a must for every bike owner. Violating this crucial rule can lead to a fine and even seizing the licence. This is one of India's most important traffic rules that every bike rider should be aware of.

The point here is that these traffic rules have been placed as safeguards to protect the bike riders and the pillion safe and away from any mishap. These are also important for keeping your bikes safe.

Every bike rider must obey and follow these important traffic rules to ensure safety and protection while driving the two-wheelers on the road. Meeting an unwanted incident like a road accident can be very traumatic. By following these important traffic rules, you will be taking care of yourself and your dear ones.

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1. Is it mandatory to have bike insurance in India?

Yes, it is mandatory for all bike owners to at least have a third-party bike insurance policy in India, according to the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. 

2. What is the purpose of traffic rules for a two-wheeler?

Following the traffic rules are very important for all two-wheeler riders. The traffic rules are set to prevent accidents. They are crucial to ensure that the riders are safe and they do not cause any harm to anyone else.

3. How many people are allowed on a bike ride?

Only two persons are allowed, the driver and the pillion rider.

4. What is the rule for using of cell phone while driving bikes?

According to area 250 (A) MMVR, r/w 177 M.V. Act, no bike rider can use a cellphone while riding their two-wheelers.

What documents should a bike rider carry while driving?

Driving licence, taxation certificate, insurance papers, emission test certificate, and fitness certificate and permit.

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